Anatomical Position


What is the Anatomical position?

Anatomical position is the main concept driving all explanations of location inside the body.
It is comparable to the renowned Vitruvian Man’s stance, albeit slightly exuberant! The
fundamentals, however, remain the same. A general description is as follows, including the
anatomic position diagram

What are the anatomical positions?

• A person who is standing straight and looking forward.
• Arms straight and palms facing forward, hands held by the hips.
• Toes are pointing forward, feet parallel.

Why is anatomical position important?

The standard anatomical position body intends to be capable of communicating about
different sections of moving organisms clearly and concisely, regardless of how they move or
what posture they are in. Likewise, such terms include posterior or dorsal, which refers to the
back of the body, and proximal and distal, which refer to how close or far something is. The
standard anatomical posture provides clear reference points that aid in understanding
anatomical concepts.


A plane is a two-dimensional slice through three-dimensional space, similar to a glass sheet.
Different lines are used to split the human body into anatomical planes. When looking at
anatomical models and prosections, you will frequently see such. The use of anatomical
planes provides an accurate description of a location and the reader’s understanding of
what a diagram or graphic is attempting to depict.

The three planes that are used the most often are the sagittal, coronal, and transverse

• The sagittal plane is a vertical line that divides the body into two parts, one on the left and
one on the right.
• The coronal plane is a vertical line that divides the body into the front (anterior) and back
(posterior) parts (posterior).
The transverse plane is a horizontal line that cuts the body into upper (superior) and lower
(inferior) parts.

For instance, a diagram might be labelled as a superiorly viewed transverse section. This
signifies that you are staring down at a horizontal part of your body.